Pelagianism

Pelagius was a British monk/theologian C 360-418 AD, who did not subscribe to the views of his contemporary, Augustine regarding Original sin, but rather maintained that human nature was still capable of choosing good or evil without divine aid. It fails the test of Christian orthodoxy as it suggests that salvation happens as a result…

Gnosticism

Gnosticism is a Heresy, and yet as a term it covers a branch of heresy which has many manifestations. The term comes for the Greek word gnosis meaning ‘knowledge’ and the fundamental root of the heresy is that possession of particular or special knowledge will act as the passkey to salvation. This fails the test of…

Donatism

Essence The essence of Donatism is a gracelessness that expect the Christian, and especially the ministers of word and sacrament to perfect and devoid of any serious sin post baptism. History Donatism was the error first taught by Donatus, bishop of Casae Nigrae, that the effectiveness of the sacraments depends on the moral character of…

Docetism

Essence Jesus only seemed to have a body, but he was actually only a divine spirit appearing to be a body. History This teaching comes from dualistic outlook which understands matter as evil by nature as opposed to the spiritual which is seem to be good. As such it was impossible that God could not be…

Apollinarianism

Essence Though Jesus was a man, he did not have a human mind but that the mind of Christ was solely divine. Apollinarianism taught that the two natures of Christ could not coexist within one person. So Jesus was presented as a human body with a divine mind. History Apollinaris the Younger, bishop of Laodicea in…